Hindustan Classical 101


  • Swaras: These are the 12 fundamental solfege syllables used in Indian classical music.
  • Names: The 12 Swaras are Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa (with two Sa swaras).
  • Order: They are arranged in an ascending order of pitch, forming a cycle called an octave.
  • Importance: Understanding the Swaras is crucial for singing, playing instruments, and comprehending Indian music theory.
  • Visual Aids: Use charts or diagrams that show the Swaras positions on instruments like the tanpura or sitar.
  • Mnemonics: Utilize memory aids like stories or rhymes to associate Swaras with their names and pitches.
  • Singing Exercises: Practice singing vocal exercises like Sa Ri Ga Ma or simple melodies to internalize the Swaras.
  • Instrument Practice: Learn basic tunes on an instrument like the harmonium or keyboard to further associate Swaras with sounds.
  • Patience and Practice: Remember, mastering the Swaras takes time and consistent practice. Be patient and enjoy the learning process!

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